If you are anything like me, when I started practicing meditation, I struggled just knowing what to do with my hands! Sounds silly, but hand mudras are a great way to help center and focus during yoga and meditation. A mudra is a gesture performed to direct the flow of energy through the body to promote healing the body or calming the mind. Your whole body can be used as a mudra, but the most common form is the hand, or hand (hasta) mudra.
The universe is made of five elements, and each of the five fingers is represented by one of these elements:
Thumb: Fire, universal consciousness
Index: Air, individual consciousness
Middle: Space, connection
Mudras are one way of creating a balance between all of these elements within us. When we use these elements within our bodies, we are able to direct the flow of energy to the brain and even stimulate different emotions, connections or reactions from the body.
5 Empowering Hand Mudras
1. Dhyana Mudra
This is a great mudra for meditation. It promotes concentration, reflection and calm energy. It represents a complete balance and sense of calmness. The right palm symbolizes awareness, while the left palm symbolizes the illusion of existence. Use this mudra during meditation to promote concentration and healing.
- Place your hands in your lap, palms facing up
- Left hand on the bottom
- Tips of the thumbs meet and create a bowl shape
2. Gyan Mudra
The Gyana mudra increases concentration, creativity, and is a gesture of knowledge. This symbolizes the unity of fire and air as well as the unity of universal and individual consciousness.
From a seated position, rest your arm on your leg, palms facing up
Bring the tips of the thumb and index finger together
Keep the other three fingers together, lightly stretched
3. Hakini Mudra
It is said that this mudra, which is named after the God Hakini, helps boost thinking and concentration. It is believed that this gesture is linked to the Third-Eye Chakra, where your imagination and intuition are located.
Hold your hands up in front of you, so that your palms face each other, but do not touch.
Bring the fingertips of your right hand towards the fingertips of your left hand so that they are touching each other.
Move your gaze upwards
4. Kali Mudra
To release tension, rid yourself of negativity and feel powerful, practice the Kali Mudra in both your meditation and yoga practice. The Goddess known as Kali represents transformation. She destroys what is dark and makes way for the light. Kali is fierce, strong and powerful, and to embody her in this mudra is a great way to feel empowered during your practice.
Interlace your middle, ring and pinky fingers
The index fingers are together, pointing up
Cross your left thumb over your right thumb
5. Anjali Mudra
This mudra symbolizes honor and respect toward yourself and toward the universe. This mudra expresses love and gratitude.
Press your palms together, fingers extended, in front of the heart space